Myanmar, a republic in South-East Asia on the edge with South Asia, bounded on the north by Tibet Autonomous Region of China; on the east by China, Laos, and Thailand; on the south by the Andaman Sea and the Bay of Bengal; and on the west by the Bay of Bengal, Bangladesh, and India.
It is officially known as the Republic of the Union of Myanmar. The coastal region is known as Lower while the interior region is known as Upper Myanmar. The total area of the country is 676,578 square km (261,227 square miles).A horseshoe-shaped mountain complex and the valley of the Ayarwaddy (Irrawaddy) River system are the dominant topographical features of the country. The mountains of the northern margin rise to 5881 meters (19,296 ft.) atop Hkakabo Razi, the highest peak in Southeast Asia. Most of the mountain systems have northern to southern axes.
The Arakan Yoma range, with peaks reaching more than 2740 meters (about 9000 ft), forms a barrier between Myanmar and the subcontinent of India.
The Bilauktaung range, the southern extension of the Shan Plateau, lies along the boundary between southwestern Thailand and southeastern Lower Myanmar. The Shan Plateau, originating in China, has an average elevation of about 910 meters (about 3000 ft.).
The country became a sovereign independent state in January 1948 after more than 100 years of colonial administration.
The government is based on the 2008 Constitution with the National League for Democracy (NLD) led by Aung Suu Kyi in power. Myanmar faces multiple security challenges integration of groups on the ethnic periphery continuing to remain a concern. [Source Government of Myanmar website]
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