Afghanistan is a landlocked country located in South Asia that borders China, Iran, India, Pakistan, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, and Uzbekistan.
The geography of Afghanistan is arid and mountainous; the Hindu Kush Mountains run northeast to southwest and divide the northern provinces from the rest of the country. The government system is an Islamic Republic; the chief of state and head of government is the president. Afghanistan has a controlled economic system in which the central government directs the economy regarding the production and distribution of goods. Afghanistan is a member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC).
The 2004 Constitution evolved out of the Afghan Constitution which was mandated by the Bonn Agreement. It overviews the structure of the Afghan government and territory associated with its individual provinces.An estimated 79% of Afghans are dependent on agriculture and related agribusinesses for their livelihoods.
The first round of the presidential elections in September 2019, the fourth set of elections since the fall of the Taliban regime, did not produce a winner, paving the way for a second round, which will pit the outgoing President, Ashraf Ghani, against Abdullah Abdullah, the head of government. The elections were marred by irregularities, protests over the results by the main opposition candidate, as well as terrorist attacks throughout the country. Meanwhile a peace agreement between the United States and the Taliban denotes possibility of troop withdrawal with the outcome on stability in the country remaining elusive, yet there is hope in the days ahead.[Source – Global Edge https://globaledge.msu.edu/& Coface]
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