Left Wing Extremism is a major security challenge for India. As per the Ministry of Home Affairs New Delhi, a number of Left Wing Extremist outfits have been operating in certain remote and poorly connected pockets of the country for a few decades now.
In a significant development in 2004, the People’s War (PW), then operating in Andhra Pradesh, and the Maoist Communist Centre of India (MCCI), then operating in Bihar and adjoining areas, merged to form the CPI (Maoist) Party. The CPI (Maoist) Party, is the major Left Wing Extremist outfit responsible for a majority of incidents of violence and killing of civilians and security forces and has been included in the Schedule of Terrorist Organizations along with all its formations and front organizations under the Unlawful Activities (Prevention) Act, 1967. The CPI (Maoist) philosophy of armed insurgency to overthrow the Government is unacceptable under the Indian Constitution and the founding principles of the Indian State.
The Government has given a call to the Left Wing Extremism proponents to abjure violence and come for talks which has been rejected. This has resulted in a spiraling cycle of violence in some parts of India. The poor and the marginalized sections like the tribal are bearing the brunt of this violence. Many citizens fall prey to the Maoist propaganda without understanding the true nature of Maoist insurgency doctrine which glorifies violence and believes in adopting the military line to capture power which has provided ideological support to the extremists. [Source MHA India].
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Rizwan Arif, S R Monitor, S R Research and 2 others