Terrorism remains a major concern in South Asia. The Easter Sunday multiple terror strikes in Sri Lanka on 21 April 2019 claimed by the Islamic State of Iraq and al Shams (ISIS) known variously as the IS, ISIL or Daesh has once again raised the spectre threat of global terrorism in South Asia. While the presence of ISIS in Afghanistan and Pakistan is well known where the group has established a strong footprint in the tribal belt, despite announcing very boldly an ISIS Khorasan which included India and Bangladesh, the Group had failed to make an impact in the region. However, there have been a number of individuals who have been indoctrinated by the ISIS ideology in India for instance some of whom have even travelled to Syria and Iraq to fight with the group. The per capita contribution to the group from Maldives for instance has been the highest. ISIS had a small branch in Kashmir which has been neutralised and has also claimed attacks by regional groups such as the Neo Jamaatul Mujahideen Bangladesh [JMB] in Bangladesh and National TowheethJamaath in Sri Lanka, but the physical presence of the group in large numbers is non-existent.Lacking a physical presence in South Asia less Afghanistan and Pakistan, ISIS has used the affiliate model to expand presence in the region. In Bangladesh the attack on 01 July 2016 at Holey Bakery resulting in over 20 deaths mainly foreigners was carried out by the Neo Jamaatul Mujahideen Bangladesh (JMB) and was soon claimed by the ISIS.
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