Summarised from questions in the parliament, the response of the Ministry of External Affairs denotes the core dimensions of border disputes betweeen India and China and India and Pakistan.
Border Issue with China
On a question by Dr Amar Singh in the Lok Sabha on (a) the details of border dispute with China including the present status of the areas under question; (b) whether we are holding them as per our claim or not; and (c) if so, the details thereof and the list of areas we are not holding as per our claims?
Minister Of State In The Ministry Of External Affairs, Shri V. Muraleedharan stated that (a) to (c) China disputes the international boundary between India and China.
In the Eastern sector, China claims approximately 90,000 square kilometers of Indian Territory in the state of Arunachal Pradesh. Indian Territory under the occupation of China in the Union Territory of Ladakh is approximately 38,000 square kilometers.
In addition, under the so-called China-Pakistan ‘Boundary Agreement’ signed between China and Pakistan on 2 March 1963, Pakistan illegally ceded 5,180 square kilometers of Indian territory in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir to China.
India’s consistent and principled position is that Arunachal Pradesh and the entire Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh have been, are and shall be an integral part of India. This fact has been clearly conveyed to the Chinese side on several occasions.
Status of Pakistan Occupied Kashmir
Response of Government on Resolution on POK in Parliament On 22 February 1994 the Indian Parliament adopted a resolution unanimously by both Houses that the entire Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh is an integral part of India.
The government was required to attempt to regain the portions of India that were occupied by Pakistan.
On a question by Shrimati Mala Roy, (a) whether the Government is aware of a Parliament resolution on PoK; (b) if so, the details thereof and the steps being taken to realise the resolution; and (c) the details of steps taken till date on PoK? Minister Of State In The Ministry Of External Affairs, Shri V. Muraleedharan stated that in response to (a) to (c) Government’s consistent and principled position, as also enunciated in the Parliament resolution adopted unanimously by both Houses on 22 February 1994, is that the entire Union Territories of Jammu & Kashmir and Ladakh have been, are and shall be an integral part of India.
In addition it was stated that the Government monitors all developments taking place in the territories of India including in territories that are under illegal and forcible occupation of Pakistan. We have consistently called upon Pakistan to immediately vacate all areas under its illegal and forcible occupation, and to put an end to the human rights violations and desist from continued attempts to bring material change in these territories.